Common Endocrine Disorders | Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

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The endocrine system is a complex of glands that produce and release hormones that help to control many important body functions. The endocrine system affects many fundamental processes like heartbeats, growth, and even fertility. Each gland releases particular hormones to your bloodstream. And your blood transports these hormones to other cells and helps regulate or organize several body functions. Here is the complete information about common endocrine disorders.  Well, read this article to learn the causes, symptoms, and treatment of endocrine disorders. 

Endocrine Glands

Adrenal glands: Two adrenal glands are present on the tip of the kidneys. These glands release the hormone cortisol.

Pituitary gland: The pituitary gland is present at the base of the brain behind the sinuses. Imbalances in the pituitary gland can affect bone growth, a woman’s menstrual cycles, and the release of breast milk.

Ovaries: Ovaries are the female reproductive organs that release eggs and produce copulation hormones.

Pancreatic gland: The pancreas is a glandular organ in the upper abdomen. It releases a digestive hormone for the digestion of foods. 

Parathyroid glands: Four tiny parathyroid glands are found in the neck. These glands excrete hormones that play an important role in bone development. 

Testes: Testes are the male reproductive organs that contain glands. These reproductive glands develop sperm and sex hormones.

Thyroid glands: The thyroid gland is butterfly-shaped present in the front of the neck. It controls the metabolic processes in the body.

Causes of Common Endocrine Disorders:

Common endocrine disorders are caused by several factors. Often, hormones interact with each other and an imbalance is produced in body functions. So a medical examination is important if you think you may have an endocrine disorder. While in many cases, the exact cause of the endocrine disorder is not clear. Here are some causes of very common endocrine disorders. 

Acromegaly: It is caused by overproduction of growth hormone, and also an overproduction of prolactin hormone. This causes damage to the pituitary glands. 

Addison’s disease and Cushing’s syndrome: These diseases are caused by the changes in levels of hormones that are produced by the adrenal glands.

Diabetes mellitus: It happens when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin. And sometimes insulin is produced but the body cannot respond to the insulin. 

Environmental or nutritional factors: Nutritional factors such as an absence or deficiency of iodine in hypothyroidism can cause endocrine disorders. 

Hyperthyroidism: It is caused by overproduction of thyroid hormones such as Graves’ disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis all resulting from problems with the thyroid gland. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease.

Tumours: However, an endocrine disorder can be related to overgrowth or tumour of the glands. 

Symptoms of Endocrine Disorders:

The symptoms of endocrine disorders can vary from mild to serious and influence your full body. Fatigue and weakness are common indications found in many endocrine disorders. Weight changes, blood glucose level instabilities, irregular cholesterol levels, mood fluctuations are some other symptoms of endocrine disorders. 

Symptoms of Diabetes:

  • Excessive thirst or hunger
  • Fatigue
  • Frequent urination
  • Sickness and vomiting
  • Sudden weight loss or gain
  • Eyesight problems 

Symptoms of Acromegaly:

  • Distorted facial structure 
  • Body and joint pains
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Headaches
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Vision issues

Symptoms of Graves’ disease:

  • Swelling of eyes 
  • Diarrhea
  • Complications in sleeping
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Goiter 
  • Irregular heartbeats
  • Mood swaps
  • Flutters
  • Sudden weight loss

Treatment of Common Endocrine Disorders

Medication: In case of very little or high production of a certain hormone in the body, synthetic hormones are prescribed to regulate the imbalance. Chemotherapy may also be used to treat cancer of an endocrine gland.

Medicines:

  • Antithyroid Agents
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Insulin
  • Dihydrotestosterone
  • Methimazole.
  • trilostane
Common Endocrine Disorders
Medication for endocrine disorders

Surgery:  In some cases,  when medications can not treat the disorder, surgery is the best option. Cancerous and non-cancerous tumours of an endocrine gland are just cured by surgery or radiation therapy. After the basic problem has been settled, hormone production will be normal. 

Surgery of pancreatic gland
Surgery of Pancreatic gland

Endocrine disorders are common maladies throughout the world. Even the smallest imbalance in the production of one or more hormones can lead to endocrine disorders. So, feel free to ask your queries in the comment section about common endocrine disorders. Also, share your feedback, if it was helpful for you. Keep visiting the NaeTaze website to read informative articles regarding health as well as technology. 

General FAQs

Is diet a cause of endocrine disorders?

Yes, nutritional deficiency can cause endocrine disorders such as goitre due to deficiency of iodine.

Why pancreatic gland is important?

The pancreatic gland is responsible for the excretion of the digestive hormone.

When to seek surgery for endocrine disorder?

Endocrine disorders that can not be cured by medications are then prescribed for surgery.

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